Bunions and hammer toes are the bread and butter of a podiatrist. Pes Cavus is caused by muscle imbalances in the lower leg and foot that draws the front of the foot, or sometimes draws the heel
downward, making the arch higher than normal. Foot pain, known as metatarsalgia, usually occurs between the arch and the toe.
Unlike edible fungi or mushrooms that live on dead vegetable matter, the fungi and yeast that infect the feet are specialized dermatophytes, meaning that they only feed on keratinized tissue such as
hair, skin and nails. Fungal infection in the foot can be confined to the nails and may then spread to the skin, or the other way round, starting on the skin and then infecting the nails. Other names
are tinea unguium, dermatophytic onychia, dermatophytosis of the nail, or ringworm of the nail. In the case of dermatophyte fungi and yeast, small invasions are usually dealt with by your body's own
natural resistance or defence mechanisms, provided you have a healthy immune system at the time. The first sign of fungal infection in the nails is a slight discolouration of the nail plate. Remember
that pressure or friction is the cause of callous.
Because they are so common, most people (mostly women) try to treat their corns and calluses at home. The first thing any foot pain sufferer should do is switch to looser, more comfortable shoes.
This will stop the callus or corn from getting even thicker. If you still feel pain with each step, it may be a good idea to add padding to your shoe in the spot where the callus or corn makes
contact with the shoe.
A clavus is a thickening of the skin due to intermittent pressure and frictional forces. The word clavus has many synonyms and innumerable vernacular terms, some of which are listed in the Table
below; these terms describe the related activities that have induced clavus formation. The shape of the hands and feet are important in clavus formation. Specifically, the bony prominences of the
metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints often are shaped in such a way as to induce overlying skin friction. Toe deformity, including contractures and claw, hammer, and mallet-shaped toes,
may contribute to pathogenesis. First, you had better prepare for a basin of warm water to soak the feet every winter night.
Patients with poor vision cutting nails too deep beneath crease line can lead to skin breakage and in patients with poor blood flow to foot can lead to major amputation.Proper nail cutting techniques
should be learnt,toe nails should be cut straight,not beneath creaseline. At the center of a corn is often a very dense knot of skin called a core, which is located over the area of greatest friction
or pressure. Firm, dry corns that form on the upper surfaces of the toes are called hard corns. Pliable, moist corns that form between the toes are called soft corns.